A biome is an area with similar climate and landscape where similar plants and animals live. Some of the main biomes include tropical rainforests, deserts, savannas, grasslands, woodlands and Tundra’s.
Tropical Rainforests are usually found in warm countries and have many different types of animal species such as rhinoceros, harpy eagle, monkeys, gorilla, leopard, red eye tree frog, sloth, tigers, iguanas, poison dart frog, piranha and many other interesting animals. Another feature of the tropical rainforests are their exotic plants for example; orchids, walking palm, amazon water lily, silky oak, corpse flowers and several other plants and shrubs. The weather in tropical rainforests is usually quite wet and damp because the plants need the cold to survive and its often under 32 degrees.
Deserts are extremely hot and are always sunny but nighttime it’s cold and can be at least below 0 degrees. Deserts are known for the plants with sharp little spikes and those are called cactuses, did you know that cactuses should be watered at least once a week if its in its hottest months. Camels are very well known to be the most popular animal in a desert because not may animals can survive in the desert’s climate.
Tundra’s are always cold, and the climate is usually below zero degrees. Examples of plants that are found in the tundra’s is Arctic Moss, Bear Berry, Arctic Willow, Diamond-Leaf Willow, Caribou Moss, Labrador Tea, Tufted Saxifrage and Pasque flower. Animals that live in tundra’s are arctic bears, Ermine, Grizzly Bear, Musk OX, Snowy Owl, Polar Bear, and Harlequin Duck.
To conclude my non-chronological report about biomes, I would like to say I hope you have learnt about biomes and their different features.
NON - CHRONOLOGICAL REPORT ON BIOMES
What are biomes?
Biomes are parts of the earth which have a similar climate and landscapes. Some of the world’s
main land biomes are rainforests, deserts, woodlands, grasslands tundra and the aquatic are marine, fresh water and quarrel reef. Each biome has its own characteristics which make it unique, biomes have similar animals, plants and rainfall.
What are the types of biomes?
There are seven types of land biomes called the Savannah, Grasslands, Tundra, Woodland, Deserts, Rainforest and Taige. There are also three aquatic biomes called the coral reef, fresh water and marine.
Tropical rainforests are hot and wet all year round. They are home to over half of the earth’s plants and animals. Deserts are hot and dry all year round. The only things that grow are cacti and small shrubs because the soil is shallow and rocky. Animals come out at dusk when it is cooler. The Savannah is hot all year round with a long, dry season. Only grasses and shrubs grow here but it is home to lots of different types of animals such as elephants, zebras and wildebeest. Woodlands are habitats where the main plants found are trees, but mosses, ferns and lichen can also be found. The climate is warm and mild, with more rain falling in the winter than the summer. Grasslands are areas of land that are vast and open, with grasses being the main plants. The largest grasslands are found in East Africa. Zebras, giraffes, elephants and rhinos can all be found living in grasslands. The Tundra is the coldest of all the biomes. There is very little rain or snow and the temperatures are freezing. Winters are long and summers are short. Part of the soil is frozen all year round, although the top part defrosts in summer and plants such as mosses can grow.
The marine biome is primarily made up of salt water oceans. It is the largest biome on planet earth and cover over 70% of earths surface.
The freshwater biome is defied to having a low amount of salt in it content versus which
The coral reef is one of the major aquatic biomes. Although it is a relatively small biome, around 25% of the known marine species live in coral reefs.
Top 4 facts about biomes?
We can help to stop Climate Change by reducing stuff, reusing stuff and recycling stuff. If we spread the word, we can all help to stop Climate Change
What it is doing to us:
- rising maximum temperatures
- rising minimum temperatures
- rising sea levels
- higher ocean temperatures
- an increase in heavy precipitation (heavy rain and hail)
- shrinking glaciers
- thawing permafrost
I decided to compare the tundra biome and the desert biome due to the fact that they have very few similarities and quite a few differences. This is because the tundra is one of the coldest biomes whereas the desert is an extremely hot biome however they both have mainly animals living there because these biomes are not a suitable habitat for humans to live as there is barley any food or material and we are not adapted to living in these kinds of places however the animals living there are more likely to survive as that is there habitat and they have adapted to this kind of habitat and therefore I chose these biomes to make a comparison between. The term “biome” is used to refer to a specific type of environment which is characterized by certain weather conditions, supporting particular plants and animals.
A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and, consequently, living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life. The lack of vegetation exposes the unprotected surface of the ground to the processes of denudation. About one-third of the land surface of the world is arid or semi-arid. This includes much of the polar regions where little precipitation occurs and which are sometimes called polar deserts or "cold deserts". Deserts can be classified by the amount of precipitation that falls, by the temperature that prevails, by the causes of desertification or by their geographical location. Camels are adapted to living in these warm temperatures as they can walk in sand and they only need a small amount of water to survive but this isn’t a good place for a human to live as we can’t last long days without water and as camels have a built in hydration system they can store water inside them keep them hydrated.
In physical geography, tundra is a type of biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. The term tundra comes through the Russian meaning "uplands", "treeless mountain tract". Tundra vegetation is composed of dwarf shrubs, sedges and grasses, mosses, and lichens. Scattered trees grow in some tundra regions. The ecotone (or ecological boundary region) between the tundra and the forest is known as the tree line or timberline. The tundra soil is rich in nitrogen and phosphorus. A tundra is a biome characterized by cold weather and low growing plants and shrubs. There are three types of tundra which can be found on Earth: arctic, Antarctic, and alpine.
The savanna (grassland biome) AKA the tropical grasslands
I chose the savanna biome because it has many animals living it that are close to my favourite such as cheetahs, leopards and fennec foxes.
This majestic grassland contains many secrets and things unknown to humans, making it mysterious and interesting. It has a very long food chain, from the mighty lion to the long, wavery grass. And the cheetah to the chevrotain. Its flora is a mix of a woodland and grassland ecosystem. The trees there are very distinctive. I made the scene of the savanna night because that’s when most animals come out.
I created a savanna by using and painting a shoe box and placing little animal figures such as Elephants, Giraffes, Tigers, Birds, Ostriches, Hippopotamuses and Leopards in the shoe box. Savannas are a large amount of land that has scattered trees and little water and is mostly very hot especially in the dry seasons where most of the water evaporates and animals have to travel long distances to find some. They are habitats for a large range of animals (predators and prey). Savannas are found in Africa (the largest of this biome), South America, Australia and Southeast Asia, mostly located near the equator. The savanna is made of grassland with scattered trees and shrubs.